Public Health

Public Health2017-01-03T10:56:52+00:00

Illustrative Projects

National Birth Defects Prevention Study

Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS)

Methodology: Survey Research

PPRI collaborated with the Texas Department of State Health Services in the implementation of a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study where the assessment of environmental, nutritional and social factors were gathered through a one-hour survey of mothers who have children with birth defects. Eligible mothers were recruited by mail and then interviewed by telephone. PPRI personnel had multiple tasks in this project which included conducting the one-hour survey interviews, collecting DNA samples, and performing follow-up mailings with the project’s annual newsletter. The Institute has interviewed approximately 4,000 participants in both English and Spanish. Surveys are conducted within the state of Texas, the United States, and internationally.

HIV Behavioral Surveillance

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS)

Methodology: Needs Assessment, Policy Analysis, Qualitative Analysis and Survey Research

The National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system (NHBS) is an on-going, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded surveillance study of HIV risk behaviors in targeted, high morbidity U.S. cities. The NHBS targets three subpopulations at greatest risk for contracting HIV in rotating, one year phases. The three subpopulations are Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), Injecting Drug User (IDU), and Heterosexuals at Risk (HET). The Department of State Health Services has contracted with PPRI to conduct the data collection in Dallas, Texas. The CDC performed Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) during the IDU and HET phases. Collected data will be analyzed to determine trends in risk behaviors, HIV testing behaviors, and access to HIV prevention services. This survey provides one of the first large scale, detailed description of specific HIV risk behaviors in at risk populations.

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)

Texas Department of State Health Services

Methodology: Needs Assessment, Policy Analysis, Program Evaluation, Quantitative Analysis and Survey Research

The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sponsored initiative to reduce infant mortality and low birth weight. PRAMS is an on-going state specific population based surveillance system. It is designed to identify and monitor selected maternal experiences before, during, and after pregnancy to help determine why some babies are born healthy and others are not. The Texas PRAMS team works closely with the CDC to ensure that the data collection occurs according to the designated protocol. A sample of about 300 mothers is drawn every month from the birth records provided by the Bureau of Vital Statistics at the Department of State Health Services (DSHS). DSHS contracts with PPRI to conduct the mail and telephone phases of this project’s protocol. Research from the Texas PRAMS project is vital for DSHS in developing programs that benefit mothers and babies.