PhD, Political Science

Areas of Interest:

  • Criminal justice
  • Juvenile justice
  • Indigent Defense


For almost thirty years Dr. Carmichael has independently developed and implemented over 20 major studies for more than a dozen state and federal agencies. Her work focusing primarily on the criminal and juvenile justice systems has been recognized for its quality, and has influenced policymaking in Texas and nationally.

In the area of juvenile justice, in partnership with the Council of State Governments, the Texas Education Agency, and the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, Dr. Carmichael led the PPRI research team to implement a 2011 study, “Breaking School’s Rules.” The research was cited by the US Departments of Justice and Education in announcing their joint “Supportive School Discipline Initiative,” by President Barak Obama in a February 2014 speech launching the “My Brother’s Keeper” initiative, and in October of 2015, by the US Education Department’s Office of Civil Rights regarding new data collection on campus discipline and law enforcement practices.

In addition, Dr. Carmichael has headed a fifteen-year program of research on behalf of the Texas Indigent Defense Commission (TIDC). Her research was cited in an amicus brief and in Justice Souter’s majority opinion following the US Supreme Court’s 2008 Rothgery v. Gillespie County ruling. In 2015, Dr. Carmichael was awarded the 2015 Michael K. Moore Award, the State Bar of Texas’ highest recognition for research in indigent defense.


Resume / CV:

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